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Travel Tips

Travelling By Air:

You can fly directly to Kathmandu from London, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, Amsterdam, Moscow, Sharjah, Dubai, Dhaka, Karachi, Kuala Lampur, Munich, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Doha, Paro, Lhasa, Singapore, New Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Kolkata (Calcutta) and Varanasi. Charter flights can also be arranged for large movements. All flights feature business class and amenities of international standards. Many a time, the Captain offers a guided sightseeing of the Himalaya for no extra charge! Airfares fluctuate with the changes in exchange rates and are to be paid in foreign currency by foreign nationals. Only Nepalese and Indian nationals are permitted to pay in rupees for air passage between Nepal and India. Departure flight tickets should be reconfirmed three days in advance to avoid inconveniences by possible flight cancellation or changes in the flight schedule. Overweight luggage charges are levied

Travelling By Road

All visitors entering Nepal by land must use no other entry points other than
1. Kakarbhitta, Jhapa
2. Birgunj
3. Belhiya, Bhairahawa
4. Nepalgunj
5. Dhangadi and
6. Mahendra Nagar in the Nepal-India border and
7. Kodari in the Nepal-China border. The overland tourists entering the Kingdom with their vehicles must possess an international carnet.

Entry Formalities:

Passport: Foreigners intending to visit Nepal must hold valid passport or any travel document equivalent to passport issued by the Govt. for visiting a foreign country prior to apply for visa.

Visa: Except for Indian nationals all other citizens must possess a valid visa secured from any of the Royal Nepalese embassy or Consulates abroad. 15/30 days visa can also be obtained at the airport or check post after filling the relevant application from affixed with two photographs and paying the visa fee. This can also be extended for a further period by paying additional cost. The present visa fees are as under:

  a) Single Entry for 60 days US$ 30.00 / per person
  b) Re-Entry Visa US$ 25.00 / per person
  c) Double Entry US$ 40.00 / per person
  d) Multiple Entry for 60 days US$ 60.00 / per person
  e) Transit Visa for 48 Hours Free of Cost

1. Chinese citizen are requested to apply in Royal Nepalese Embassy or other Nepalese diplomatic missions in their home country itself to get the visa.

2. For Sri Lankan Pilgrims visiting Lumbini, the Birth place of Lord Buddha can get single entry visa for 15 days for US$ 10 or equivalent convertible currency.

Custom : All baggage must be identified and have to pass through customs inspection at the port of entry. Personal effects are allowed in duty free. Dutiable goods such as Camera with 12 plates or 5 rolls of films, one bottle of liquor, 200 cigarettes, one tent and camping equipment are allowed in free of duty. Others (such as Video Camera, Tape recorder and Transistors) should be declared and will be endorsed on the passport.

Green Channel: for passengers not having any dutiable articles or unaccompanied baggage.

Health: International certificate of vaccination regarding current inoculation against cholera, typhoid and yellow fever are not required.

Currency Regulation: Import of Indian currency by foreigners is strictly prohibited. Any other currency either in travelers cheques or cash can be brought in unlimited quantity provided it is declared upon arrival. All visitors (except Indians) will be handed a form on which his/her monetary transaction during his/her stay in Nepal will be recorded. Same should be handed over at the airport at the time of departure. Generally all unspent balance of Nepalese rupees can be converted (at Airport) into US Dollar on production of Encashment Certificates obtained earlier.

Time : Nepal time is 5 hrs. 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time.

Climate : The climate of Nepal varies from area to area depending upon the altitude of the place. A visit to Nepal is possible all the year around, but activities like Mountain flight, Jungle Safari Excursions, Raftings & Trekkings are good from October till May.

Clothing : Warm clothing are required from November to February and tropical wear from March till October.

Local Currency : In Nepal, Nepalese Rupees is subdivided into 100 Paisa. The denominations of currency notes are available in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 250, 500 & 1000 rupees. Similarly, coins are available in 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 & 100 Paisa which are in circulation.

Banking Hours: Monday - Friday 9.00 to 13.00 hrs. client services. Credit Cards: Most of the International Cards are widely accepted by hotels and leading agents.

Encashment of Foreign Currency: Travelers cheques and foreign currency notes can be easily converted into Nepalese currency with any branch of a bank authorised to deal in foreign exchange or licensed money changers.

Exchange Rates: The rates for purchase and sale of Pound-Sterling and US Dollar currency notes and foreign currency travelers cheques, where applicable, are quoted by authorised dealers/money-changers within the floor and ceiling rates worked out daily in accordance with guidelines prescribed by Nepal Rastra Bank. For other currencies, banks quote rates based on market conditions. Currencies like Pound-Sterling, US Dollar, German Mark, Swiss-Francs, French and Japanese Yen are widely accepted. 1 US$ = 76 (approximately).

Purchase of Goods by Foreign Tourists:

i) Shops/emporia selling goods or providing services to foreign tourist are permitted to accept payment in foreign exchange in the following manner:

a) Against internationally recognised Credit Cards.

b) By bank drafts drawn in approved foreign currencies on banks in Nepal;

c) By travellers cheques in foreign currency;

ii) Foreign tourists are permitted by Nepalese customs to take with them goods purchased in Nepal (except banned items) without any value limit, provided the goods are purchased out of funds brought from abroad. Some shops and emporia also undertake to send the goods abroad as unaccompanied baggage at the request of the tourists.

Religion: The major religions of Nepal are Hinduism (90%), Buddhism (6%), Islam (3%), and the rest is Christian (1%) e. g. Catholics and others. But there is a harmony among the religions. Population: Nepal has almost 23 million people composed of variety of races and tribes speaking different languages and dialects.

Language:Nepali is the official language, English is understood widely as spoken by majority of people in Kathmandu Valley & other big cities.

Water: In Kathmandu, boiled and filtered water as well as mineral water is available in most of the Hotels and Restaurants. Elsewhere, it is advisable to use water sterilisation tablets or stick to tea & soft drinks.

Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50 cycles throughout the country.

Official Weekly Holiday: Saturday is the official weekly holiday in Nepal. Most of the shops dealing in Handicraft are closed on this day, while Museums throughout the valley remain closed on Tuesdays & other Government Holidays.

Working hours and Holidays: Offices and most shopping areas remain closed on Saturday. Shops usually remain open from 9.30 a. m. to 7 p. m. (small tourist shops may close much later) and offices from 9.30 a. m. to 5.30 p. m. Nepal has lot of festivals and religious holidays. Should one happen to be in Nepal on any such day it is advisable to participate in the festivities, possibly with the help of a guide.

Measures: Officially Nepal has adopted the metric system. Temperature is measured in Centigrade. Weights are measured in Kilograms.


Nepal is a sovereign, Independent Hindu Kingdom. It lies on the southern flank of the Himalayas and is situated between two big countries- India and china.Nepal covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers, and stretches 145-241 kilometers north to south and 850 kilometers west to east.

Nepal is divided into three ecological regions: the high Himalayan region lies in the northern part of the country at the altitudinal range between 4877 meters/. Feet to 8848 meters /. Feet from the sea level. This region consists of twenty-two of the world's thirty-one highest snow-capped mountains and covers one third (35 %) of the land area of the country. Peaks like Mt. Everest (8848m), which is the highest peak in the world, and many other eight thousanders are situated in this region of Nepal. Some of the Nepal's most beautiful animals like snow leopard, Danphe (Impeyanus lopophorous) -the national bird of Nepal, the Musk Deer and plant life are also found here.

The next region is of hills ranging between 610 meters / …feet and 4877 meters / ….feet covering about 42 % of the total land area of the country. Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is located here. Wild animals to be found here are the spotted leopard, barking deer, Himalayan black bear and a variety of birds.

The Terai region in the south covering about 23% of the total land area of the country has an average elevation of 100m to 300m above sea level. It provides excellent farming land, harbors lush green forest, grasslands and many wetlands. The terai region is also a perfect habitat for the Greater one-horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis), Wild Elephant (Elephas maximus), the wild cattle /Gaur (Bos gaurus), Wild Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), Black Buck (Antilope cervapra), the Gharial Crocodile (Gavialis gangeticus), the Great Hornbill (Buceros bicorn) and the elusive Royal Bengal Tiger to name a few. The people, Culture and Languages:

Nepal is a unique country inhabited by some 23 million people comprised of multi-lingual, multi-ethnical and multi-cultural diversity. Many of them have their own languages and customs. The Sherpas, Limbus, Rais, Newars, Gurungs, Bahuns, Chhetris, Tharus and other people of different castes live together cooperatively and peacefully in Nepal. There are 70 spoken languages and 40 ethnic groups in the kingdom of Nepal. Nepali is the country's official language and English is spoken and understood by almost all the people living in the major cities. The people here mostly follow Hinduism and Buddhism but apart from this some also practice animism, Tibetan Lamaism, shamanism etc. It is a country of "more Gods than the people", "More Temples than the houses" and "More festivals than the number of days in a year"!

TREKKING PERMIT: A trekking permit is must to visit restricted areas mentioned below. To visit normal trekking areas, no permission is required. Restricted areas which have been opened for Group Trekking:

1. Areas of lower Dolpa: US$ 10 For the first 4 weeks per week per person and US$ 20 after 4 weeks per week per person.

2. Taplejung Distric(Kanchanjanga Region):-Areas of Olangchunggola, Lelep, Papung and Yamphudin Village Development Committee;

Sankhuwasabha District(Makalu Region):-Areas of Kimathanka, Chepuwa, Hatiya and Pawakhola Village Development Committee and Solukhumbu District (Everest Region):- All north-west area way from Thame to Nangpala of Namche Village Development Committee:

For the first 4 weeks: US$ 10 Per week per person After 4 weeks : US$ 20 per week per person

3. Rasuwa District:-Thamun and Tingure: US$ 10 per week per person
4. Manang District:- Areas of Nar, Phu, and Northern area of Tilche Village of Thochhe Village Development Committee: US$ 90 per per person for the period from Sepetmber to November

US$ 75 per week per person for the period from December to August .

5.Mugu District (Areas of Mugu, Dolpu, Pulu and Bhangri);

Humla District(Areas of Limi and Muchu village village Development Committee, and area way to Tibet via Tangekhola of Darma Village Development committee); Bajhang District(Areas of Kanda, Saipal, Dhuli) and Darchula District(Areas of Byas Village Development Committee): US $90 per person For the first 7 days and US$ 15 per person per day After 7 days.

6.Upper Mustang and Upper Dolpa District:- For the first 10 days per person US $700 and After 10 days per day per person Us$70.

7.Gorkha District (Manaslu Area):- For Sepetmber to November per per person US$ 90 and December to August per week per person US$ 75.

Miscellaneous Fees

a.Travel Document (in case of loss/damage/theft/or expiry of the passport)-US$ 20

b. Issuance of Entry Visa from the Dept.-25% additional fee along with regular entry visa fee.

c. Certification of Arrival or Departure stamps or replacement of trekking permit US$ 1 (one).

Domestic air service

Royal Nepal Airlines (RA) and many other domestic airlines have an extensive network of air services in the interior of Nepal. They have scheduled connection flights from Kathmandu to all the tourist destinations: Taplejung, Bhadrapur, Rajbiraj, Bhojpur, Phaplu, Lukla, Lamidanda, Tunmlingtar, Rumjatar, Biratnagar, Simara, Janakpur, Ramechhap, Bharatpur, Meghauli ,Pokhara, Jomsom, Manang, Baglung. Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj Chaurjhahari, Surkhet, Dang, Dolpa, Jumla, Bajura, Baitadi, Dipayal, Darchula, Mahendranagar, Dhangadi, Tikapur and Sanfebagar.

Charter services to all destinations within Nepal are also available.